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    英國assignment范文:Strategic Procurement & Supply Management Threats to the UK

    論文價格: 免費 時間:2022-08-29 10:04:06 來源:www.mobile1apps.com 作者:留學作業網

    英國assignment范文-戰略采購與供應管理對英國的威脅,本文是一篇英國留學生assignment作業范文,主要內容是通過幾家藍籌股公司在英國的主要業務是開展預防活動。這取決于對進口關稅的恐懼和失去進入單一市場的機會。公司甚至將生產設施和員工遷往歐洲大陸。英國assignment范文通過分析研究戰略采購與供應管理對英國的威脅,并提出具體的解決方案,下面就一起來參考這篇英國留學生assignment范文的全部內容。

    英國nment格式范文


    Solution 1 解決方案 一

    There are several blue-chip companies with major U.K operations conducting preventative activities. These depend on the dread of import duties and the loss of access to the single market. Companies have even moved their production facilities and staffs to continental Europe.

    E.g.-Goldman Sachs -They have shifted their vodka production out of Scotland to Italy and the U.S and Airline to Vienna.

    E、 高盛(g.Goldman Sachs)-他們已經將伏特加生產從蘇格蘭轉移到意大利和美國,并將航空公司轉移到維也納。

    The reasons behind their shiftiest are:他們最狡猾的原因是:

    1) To position their manufacturing assets in a secure supply chain environment. 在安全的供應鏈環境中定位其制造資產。

    2) To find base camp inside the administrative condition,which will expand their entrance to key European markets.

    在行政條件內找到基地,這將擴大他們進入歐洲主要市場的機會。

    Besides the high –visibility announcements, our view is that few attainment and store network capacities have a genuine all encompassing arrangement to address Brexit dangers Few companies are delaying investments as a standard method in times of uncertainty. Many companies had cut their cape budgets but this seems to be short term solution .U.K companies taking this initiative may miss future productivity gains while their competitors in continental Europe to invest in their production tool and boosted by higher growth.

    除了高知名度的公告外,我們的觀點是,很少有實現和存儲網絡容量具有真正的全方位安排,以應對脫歐風險。在不確定時期,很少有公司將延遲投資作為標準方法。許多公司已經削減了cape預算,但這似乎是短期的解決方案。采取這一舉措的英國公司可能會錯過未來的生產力增長,而其在歐洲大陸的競爭對手將投資于其生產工具,并受到更高增長的提振。

    The level of willingness of European organizations with significant sales in the U.K but without any operational base is lower but careful consideration is required as they will still have supply chains and cost impacts in the U.K involving tariffs, taxes, currency and interest rates, regulatory decisions and labour flows.

    在英國有大量銷售但沒有任何運營基礎的歐洲組織的意愿水平較低,但需要仔細考慮,因為它們在英國仍將有供應鏈和成本影響,涉及關稅、稅收、貨幣和利率、監管決策和勞動力流動。

    Solution 2 –解決方案 二

    Supply Chains under Threat from Four Key Risks 供應鏈面臨四大風險的威脅

    Following are the four key risks areas of supply chain which Corporations with heavy U.K. exposure are facing: Export of goods and services from one country to another tends to affect the cost base, changes to the regulatory environment and also affects the workforce. And hence, these impacts will lead to increase costs which will either decrease edge or increment costs to clients; clients may likewise feel trouble because of these complexities. Momentum inquire about proposes that particular enterprises are at higher generally hazard than others, with money related administrations standing out in hazard terms.

    以下是英國企業面臨的供應鏈四個關鍵風險領域:從一個國家到另一個國家的商品和服務出口往往會影響成本基礎、監管環境的變化以及勞動力。因此,這些影響將導致成本增加,這將減少客戶的邊際成本或增加客戶的成本;客戶也可能因為這些復雜性而感到麻煩。Momentum inquire about提出,特定企業的總體風險高于其他企業,與資金相關的管理部門在風險方面尤為突出。

    THREAT #1 –  Challenges in exchanging products and enterprises crosswise over outskirts. The point of view toward the kind of exchange bargains the U.K. might anchor in the wake of Brexit is still exceptionally hazy. This can be in numerous structures, going from full single-advertise access with proceeded with tax organized commerce on merchandise and ventures to the more protectionist end of the range, where taxes are connected on all products and enterprises exchanged between the U.K. what’s more, EU, likely dependent on costlier

    威脅#1——在郊區交叉交換產品和企業方面的挑戰。對于英國在脫歐后可能錨定的那種交易所交易,人們的觀點仍然異常模糊。這可以有多種結構,從對商品和企業進行稅務組織商業的完全單一廣告訪問,到范圍內更具保護主義的一端,即對英國之間交換的所有產品和企業征稅。更重要的是,歐盟可能依賴于成本更高的國家

    WTO rules. While the U.K. government has been very clear that the U.K. will leave the single market and EU Customs Union, their specific deal target means a lot of uncertainty as it is uncharted territory. Non-tariff barriers such as new physical customs borders and labour rules will undoubtedly be more flexible on a company’s ability to move goods across EU borders, and the costs to do so.

    世貿組織規則。雖然英國政府非常清楚,英國將退出單一市場和歐盟關稅同盟,但他們的具體交易目標意味著很多不確定性,因為這是一個未知領域。非關稅壁壘,如新的實際海關邊界和勞工規則,無疑將使公司在跨越歐盟邊界運輸貨物的能力和成本方面更加靈活。

    THREAT #2 – Higher costs 威脅2——成本較高

    Trading from UK to EU will invariably have an impact on the cost base of businesses with U.K. operations or sales regardless of the type of deal that is secured. This could be in the form of new tariffs, which will be passed directly onto customers, or other costly measures. Brexit has already had a significant impact on costs in the U.K. through exchange rate changes which themselves have resulted in higher import costs.

    無論擔保的交易類型如何,從英國到歐盟的交易都會對在英國運營或銷售的企業的成本基礎產生影響。這可以采取新的關稅形式,直接轉嫁給客戶,或者采取其他代價高昂的措施。英國脫歐已經通過匯率變化對英國的成本產生了重大影響,而匯率變化本身就導致了更高的進口成本。

    THREAT #3 – Rapidly changing regulations 威脅#3——快速變化的法規

    The regulatory environment for both U.K. and European companies has the potential to change significantly, due to which there will be some degree of additional friction between U.K. furthermore, EU exchanging accomplices, including cost, time and hazard to most cross-outskirt supply chains. Regardless of whether the final product is a ‘delicate’ or ‘hard’ Brexit will to a great extent decide if controls of every industry are set to remain firmly lined up with the EU or whether they will move far from existing conditions. Current signs are that the feasible result will be toward the ‘hard’ end of the scale.

    英國和歐洲公司的監管環境都有可能發生重大變化,因此英國之間會有一定程度的額外摩擦。此外,歐盟交換幫兇,包括成本、時間和對大多數郊區供應鏈的危害。無論最終結果是“微妙”還是“艱難”,脫歐都將在很大程度上決定對每個行業的控制是否將與歐盟保持緊密一致,或者是否將遠離現有條件。目前的跡象表明,可行的結果將接近規模的“硬”端。

    This will result in an expanded administrative weight for organizations because of the need to consent to various administrative frameworks. U.K. organizations that need to work in Europe will be required to follow the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or any comparable direction later on, and European organizations with U.K. tasks should follow new U.K. controls as legitimate structures veer. We will likewise observe jumps in everyday business activities – for instance, an extra authoritative weight of enrolling EU nationals in the U.K.

    這將擴大各組織的行政權重,因為需要同意各種行政框架。U、 K.以后,需要在歐洲工作的組織將被要求遵循《通用數據保護條例》(GDPR)或任何類似的指示,具有英國任務的歐洲組織應在合法結構發生變化時遵循英國的新控制。我們同樣會觀察到日常商業活動的跳躍——例如,在英國注冊歐盟公民的額外權威權重。

    THREAT #4 – Availability of workforce 威脅4——勞動力可用性

    The British economy could face a labour supply shock due to Brexit, if foreign workers stop coming to the U.K. In recent years, foreign and particularly EU workers have made up a growing proportion of the U.K. workforce, which will ultimately help the economy and companies grow and fill key skill requirements. Some U.K. industries and regions are more heavily impacted by restrictions on immigration than others.

    英國經濟可能因脫歐而面臨勞動力供應沖擊,如果外國工人停止來英國。近年來,外國工人,尤其是歐盟工人在英國勞動力中所占比例越來越大,這將最終幫助經濟和公司發展,滿足關鍵技能要求。與其他行業相比,英國的一些行業和地區受到移民限制的影響更大。

    All Sectors Will Not Be Equally Impacted (US News, 2018)所有行業不會受到同等影響

    These four key supply chain risks shows how would have an impact on the U.K.’s top sectors under four different high-level Brexit scenarios. These scenario scan provide an indication of business challenges by sector.

    這四個關鍵的供應鏈風險表明,在四種不同的高水平脫歐情景下,將如何影響英國的頂級行業。這些場景掃描按行業提供了業務挑戰的指示。

    Whereas, we found that single-market access would be the least detrimental to all sectors, we also found that some sectors were more exposed than others in the alternative scenarios.

    盡管我們發現單一市場準入對所有部門的危害最小,但我們還發現,在替代方案中,某些部門的風險比其他部門更大。

    Money related Services is most affected in many situations since ‘pass porting rights ‘are basic to banks’ capacity to work crosswise over EU fringes. The main situation in which pass porting rights would be ensured is under an EEA-type bargain. Some other situation would not naturally give these rights to U.K. money related establishments post-Brexit. Which is as of now driving extra expense, for instance, with office development and anchoring of office space. This is probably going to grow further and will result in increment in going through examples with associations keeping up numerous areas with costs crosswise over offices, land and bolster administrations. We expect the Financial Services area to spend fundamentally on expert administrations charges for legal advisors, bookkeepers and specialists to enable it to explore the Brexit change difficulties.

    在許多情況下,貨幣相關服務受到的影響最大,因為“通行權”是銀行在歐盟邊緣地區橫向工作能力的基礎。在EEA類型的協議下,將確保通行權的主要情況。其他一些情況自然不會在脫歐后賦予英國貨幣相關機構這些權利。例如,在辦公室開發和辦公空間的固定方面,這就導致了額外的開支。這可能會進一步增長,并將導致通過示例的增加,協會將在辦公室、土地和支持管理的成本交叉的眾多領域保持聯系。我們預計金融服務領域將從根本上花費在專家管理費用上,包括法律顧問、簿記員和專家,以使其能夠探索英國脫歐改革的困難。

    Makers should be worried about store network, add up to cost of merchandise, and access to both high-and low-talented work. Upgraded traditions checks will demonstrate impeding to organizations with items that have short expiry dates or life expectancies. The nourishment business is likewise intensely dependent upon an exceedingly European workforce with more than 30 percent originating from the EU.

    制造商們應該擔心商店網絡、商品成本的增加以及獲得高技能和低技能工作的機會。升級后的傳統檢查將向組織展示使用期限短或預期壽命短的物品的阻礙。營養品行業同樣嚴重依賴歐洲勞動力,其中30%以上來自歐盟。

    The U.K. Life Sciences segment is maybe best situated to alleviate the effect of Brexit as it faces zero levies for items, for example, medications and therapeutic gadgets, even in case of ‘finish separate’ from the EU coalition. Be that as it may, its capacity to research and market new items might be influenced by the loss of access to EU R&D subsidizing and access to ability of EU inception. We are as of now observing administrative associations and subsidizing moving out of the U.K, for example, the European Medicines Agency moving to Amsterdam from London. Also, we could see administrative difference causing issues, for example, in item marking.

    英國生命科學部門可能是緩解脫歐影響的最佳位置,因為它面臨零征稅的項目,例如藥物和治療設備,即使是在與歐盟聯盟“分道揚鑣”的情況下。盡管如此,其研究和銷售新產品的能力可能會受到歐盟研發補貼和歐盟成立能力喪失的影響。到目前為止,我們正在觀察行政協會和補貼從英國遷出,例如,歐洲藥品管理局從倫敦遷往阿姆斯特丹。此外,我們可以看到管理差異導致問題,例如,在項目標記中。

    Additionally spotlight can be put on inventory network and acquirement regions to recognize contracts, providers, estimating and effects to business progression in another U.K. /EU traditions condition.

    此外,可以將重點放在庫存網絡和采購區域,以識別合同、供應商、估計以及在另一個英國/歐盟傳統條件下對業務發展的影響。

    Solution 3 解決方案 三

    MEASURES THAT CAN BE TAKEN 可以采取的措施

    Procurement and supply chain leaders should act now and implement five simple steps:采購和供應鏈領導者應立即采取行動,實施五個簡單步驟:

    These steps can be as follows:這些步驟可以如下:

    Measure exposure to Brexit risks 衡量英國脫歐風險敞口

    Develop alternative supply strategies with trigger points 制定具有觸發點的替代供應策略

    Reductions in cost 降低成本

    Be equipped for the heavy lifting 配備重型起重設備

    Become an enabler for Brexit opportunities 成為英國脫歐機會的推動者

    Solution 4 解決方案 四

    MEASURE 1 – Measure exposure to Brexit risks 措施1——衡量英國脫歐風險敞口

    The Organizations can identify business areas affected by Brexit. Key parts of this cross-functional initiative can be facilitated and act as a perfect opportunity by the procurement and supply team chains particularly keeping strong supplier relationship (SRM) framework and tools in place.

    這些組織可以確定受脫歐影響的業務領域。通過采購和供應團隊鏈,尤其是保持強大的供應商關系(SRM)框架和工具,可以促進這一跨職能舉措的關鍵部分,并將其作為一個完美的機會。

    With this action we can ensure a joined-up approach when developing and implementing eventuality plans. After following this, we can further focus to put on supply chain and procurement areas to identify contracts, suppliers, pricing and impacts to business continuity in a new U.K. /EU customs environment.

    通過這一行動,我們可以確保在制定和實施應急計劃時采取聯合方法。在此之后,我們可以進一步關注供應鏈和采購領域,以確定合同、供應商、定價以及在新的英國/歐盟海關環境中對業務連續性的影響。

    Information can be collected across direct and indirect categories.可以跨直接和間接類別收集信息。

    It should include: 它應包括:

    *Spend not realized’ in GBP,未實現的支出單位為英鎊

    * Suppliers/categories impacted directly and indirectly by exchange rates,直接和間接受匯率影響的供應商/類別

    * Supply categories highly dependent on an EU workforce,供應類別高度依賴歐盟勞動力

    * As well as evaluations of incumbent suppliers’ readiness for Brexit in their own supply chains.以及評估現有供應商在其自身供應鏈中的脫歐準備情況

    * Conduct an impact assessment on supply planning and distribution within the U.K. and EU.對英國和歐盟的供應規劃和分銷進行影響評估

    A starting point is to triage your supply base by evaluating two factors:一個起點是通過評估兩個因素對供應基礎進行分類:

    A. criticality to your business and 對您的業務至關重要,以及

    B. exposure to negative Brexit risks and costs.暴露于英國退歐的負面風險和成本

    MEASURE 2 – DEVELOP ALTERNATIVE SUPPLY STRATEGIES WITH TRIGGER POINTS 措施2——制定具有觸發點的替代供應策略

    We need to identify what routes to market, network planning and delivery locations. Also establishing target commodity groups by conducting a critical prioritization based on goods/services, availability of supply and time required to qualify supply sources.

    我們需要確定進入市場的路線、網絡規劃和交付地點。根據貨物/服務、供應的可用性和確定供應來源所需的時間進行關鍵的優先排序,從而確定目標商品組。

    As the U.K. concludes trade deals with non-EU partners these alternative sources should be identified locally or in a tariff-free geography or locations. Larger firms can leverage their relative strength to boost up and motivate the key suppliers to shift more of their operations to the U.K.

    隨著英國與非歐盟伙伴達成貿易協議,這些替代來源應在當地或免關稅地區或地點確定。較大的公司可以利用其相對實力來提振和激勵關鍵供應商將更多業務轉移到英國。

    Example: Auto producers Nissan and Jaguar Land Rover 例如:汽車制造商日產和捷豹路虎

    The two firms as of late welcomed an extensive gathering of worldwide makers to their U.K. base to help in advancing moving their tasks to the U.K.

    這兩家公司最近歡迎世界各地的制造商廣泛聚集到他們的英國基地,以幫助將他們的任務推進到英國。

    Manufactures from the continent which are currently sourcing from the U.K. should be able to identify alternative sources based in the EU and also introduce higher levels of risk monitoring across their U.K. suppliers.

    目前從英國采購的歐洲大陸制造商應能夠確定位于歐盟的替代來源,并在其英國供應商中引入更高級別的風險監控。

    Buyers in continental Europe reduce their volume commitments or contract to shorter period of time it’s expected that U.K. manufacturers could be hit over the next 12 months.

    歐洲大陸的買家將其數量承諾或合同期限縮短,預計英國制造商可能在未來12個月內受到打擊。

    Preparing the procurement function for Brexit will require significant investments to ensure sufficient capability across vendor negotiations, contracting and SRM.

    為脫歐準備采購職能將需要大量投資,以確保在供應商談判、合同和SRM中具有足夠的能力。

    MEASURE 3 – REDUCE COSTS NOW 措施3——立即降低成本

    A pressure has been created on the costs of goods imported for U.K companies due to a weaker pound (since Brexit vote) creating inflation throughout the economy and also impacting growth.

    由于英鎊貶值(自脫歐投票以來),造成整個經濟的通貨膨脹,也影響了經濟增長,英國公司進口商品的成本受到了壓力。

    Depending on the agreement and details of political discussion on the transition this deterioration could highly accelerate as we approach the effective Brexit date.

    取決于關于過渡的協議和政治討論細節,隨著我們接近有效脫歐日期,這種惡化可能會大大加快。

    Identification of what total cost of ownership models by the organization will be impacted and start ’Request for Information’ processes using ‘should Cost’ modelling.

    確定組織的總擁有成本模型將受到影響,并使用“應成本”模型啟動“信息請求”流程。

    Execution programs and opportunities of reduction in targeted cost will provide competitive advantage as whole sectors are hit by Brexit.

    隨著整個行業受到英國脫歐的沖擊,執行計劃和降低目標成本的機會將提供競爭優勢。

    Other potential approaches include:其他可能的方法包括:

    *securing extensions to contracts during at-risk supplying base areas can protect against cost increase and risks

    在有風險的供應基地期間確保合同延期可以防止成本增加和風險

    MEASURE4 – BE EQUIPPED FOR THE HEAVY LIFTING 措施4——配備重型起重設備

    We require a significant investment from businesses for the preparation of procurement function of Brexit to ensure sufficient capability across vendor to negotiate, contracting and SRM.

    我們需要企業為準備英國脫歐的采購職能進行大量投資,以確保供應商有足夠的能力進行談判、簽約和SRM。

    Contract amendments and notations are required on a large scale for some organizations and anticipate sourcing are to be exercised as well.

    一些組織需要進行大規模的合同修訂和標注,同時也需要進行預期采購。

    Most associations will be constrained by limit and ability, needing outside support.

    大多數協會將受到限制和能力的限制,需要外部支持。

    It’s often seen that contract amendments require a level of flexibility from essential and imperative providers, who will think about their own position and might possibly be available to these changes.

    通常情況下,合同修改需要必要和強制性供應商提供一定程度的靈活性,這些供應商將考慮自己的立場,并可能對這些變更提供幫助。

    There are organizations that keep up elevated amounts of coordinated effort with their supply base.

    有些組織與其供應基礎保持著大量的協調努力。

    It helps in being all around put to run a smooth procedure, while others should concentrate currently on molding basic providers ahead of time.

    有些組織與其供應基礎保持著大量的協調努力。

    Any new understanding finished up from now until the point when the Brexit date ought to be refreshed to incorporate the correct level of adaptability against the different Brexit situations.

    從現在起到英國退歐日期應該更新的時候,任何新的理解都已經完成,以適應不同的英國退歐情況。

    Other down to earth ventures for readiness incorporate recognizing firms who can help and planning for this in like manner.

    其他“腳踏實地的準備”項目包括認可能夠提供幫助并以類似方式進行規劃的公司。

    Associations that expect to be one stage ahead are as of now archiving the inward procedures which are probably going to be affected and are building cross-practical groups that will be entrusted with conveying execution exercises because of Brexit.

    預計提前一個階段的協會目前正在歸檔可能會受到影響的內部程序,并正在建立跨實踐小組,負責傳達英國脫歐后的執行情況。

    MEASURE 5 – BECOME AN ENABLER FOR BREXIT OPPORTUNITIES 措施5——成為英國脫歐機會的推動者

    Its becomes clear that the U.K./EU trade negotiation outcomes and the U.K includes trade dealing with non-EU countries, now the purchasers should expect to counterbalance cost increments.

    很明顯,英國/歐盟貿易談判結果和英國包括與非歐盟國家的貿易,現在購買者應該期望抵消成本增量。

    Be that as it may, may likewise access wellsprings of supply at lower cost and even advantage from more development from their merchants.

    盡管如此,他們也可以以更低的成本獲得供應源泉,甚至可以從他們的商人那里獲得更多的發展。

    An opportunity to create competitive advantage for the organizations can be provided by proactive firms and also identifying the geographies and vendor upfront.

    積極主動的公司可以提供為組織創造競爭優勢的機會,也可以預先確定地理位置和供應商。

    A compelling method to locate the correct answer for how to moderate new costs together for instance, by implanting co sourcing as a feature of a SRM program.

    這是一種令人信服的方法,可以找到如何共同降低新成本的正確答案,例如,通過將共同采購作為SRM計劃的一項功能。

    Thus, acquisition has a chance to help its association’s development in new markets.

    因此,收購有機會幫助其協會在新市場的發展。

    To do this, it needs to furnish itself right on time with neighbourhood showcase information of the focused on topographies.

    A concrete and straightforward methodology is to create hearty class procedures which incorporate short-and long haul guides covering the abovementioned.

    要做到這一點,它需要及時向自己提供重點地形的鄰里展示信息。

    一種具體而直接的方法是創建包含上述內容的短途和長途指南的熱誠類程序。

    Conclusion 結論

    Brexit is an extraordinary case of how district particular occasions produce worldwide repercussions affecting acquisition and store network. It will have noteworthy ramifications for any worldwide or European organization with major U.K. tasks or deals, and additionally U.K. organizations with noteworthy activities or deals in whatever is left of the EU. Numerous elements will prompt expanded store network costs, which will decrease edges or increment valuing to clients, making this a vital board-level hazard. Acquirement and production network pioneers and their capacities should be at the core of all inclusive Brexit arranging and usage and they have to act currently to look for upper hand and to maintain a strategic distance from the expanded expenses and dangers if this is left past the point of no return. With the principal phase of political transactions finishing and certain parts of the approaching Brexit structure getting to be clearer, an opportunity to act has plainly arrived.

    英國assignment范文總結英國退歐是一個非凡的例子,說明了地區特定事件如何對收購和門店網絡產生全球影響。它將對任何在英國有重大任務或交易的全球或歐洲組織,以及在歐盟剩下的任何地方有值得注意的活動或交易的英國組織產生值得注意的影響。眾多因素將促使門店網絡成本增加,這將降低邊緣或增加對客戶的價值,使其成為一個重要的董事會級風險。assignment范文中提出收購和生產網絡先驅者及其能力應該是包羅萬象的脫歐安排和使用的核心,他們必須立即采取行動,以尋求優勢,并與擴大的支出和危險保持戰略距離,如果這一點超過了無法挽回的地步。隨著政治交易的主要階段結束,即將到來的脫歐結構的某些部分變得更加清晰,采取行動的機會顯然已經到來。

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